The Sahelian Knot


The Sahel, the region of transition between the Sahara and the savanna is now a haven for extremist organizations and criminal organizations with international reach. Desertification, pastoral-agrarian conflicts, marginalized communities, inadequate governance, harmful intervention of international powers, and under sourced security forces have all contributed to the unstable conditions that allow these types of groups [...]

The Sahelian Knot2021-03-04T21:34:56+00:00

Safe Haven Sahel


Extremist groups such as ISIS and Al-Qaeda have found a home in the Sahel. Communities marginalized by their governments have proved to be the perfect foothold for radical extremism to take root. Up until now, the activities and goals of Isis and Al-Qaeda affiliated organizations based in the Sahel have been regional in nature. As [...]

Safe Haven Sahel2021-03-04T21:34:57+00:00

Assessing the Impact of Iran’s Intervention in the Sahel


Overview             This report examines the implications of the political, economic, and military involvement by Iran and its proxies in the Sahel region of Sub-Saharan Africa. To examine these issues, the report’s sections define the Sahel region, explain the reasons that aid and involvement by external powers are welcomed by the local governments, analyze the [...]

Assessing the Impact of Iran’s Intervention in the Sahel2021-03-04T21:34:57+00:00

China’s Involvement in West Africa


Title Picture Source: Quartz Africa             Since the early 1960s when West African countries gained independence from their former European colonial rulers, many of them have engaged in political, economic, and geo-strategic relations with the People’s Republic of China (PRC). In many cases, these relations intensified in the recent period, with China playing a major [...]

China’s Involvement in West Africa2021-03-04T21:34:57+00:00

Ethiopia & Eritrea: U.S. Foreign Policy


Image: World Economic Forum   Following the signing of the historic peace agreement between Ethiopia and Eritrea on July 9, 2018 (read Ethiopia and Eritrea: Ushering in Peace), the U.S. Secretary of State issued a statement commending both leaders and pledging support to the peace process. While the reconciliation events seemed to unfold fairly quickly, it was the result of [...]

Ethiopia & Eritrea: U.S. Foreign Policy2021-03-04T21:35:44+00:00

Ethiopia & Eritrea: The Effect of Peace on East Africa


On July 9, 2018, leaders of Ethiopia and Eritrea signed a historic peace agreement ending years of tensions and conflict. Read Ethiopia & Eritrea: Ushering in Peace to better understand the peace agreement and current affairs, and Ethiopia & Eritrea: History to review the history of relations between the two countries from colonialism to present-day. As Ethiopia embarks on [...]

Ethiopia & Eritrea: The Effect of Peace on East Africa2021-03-04T21:35:45+00:00

Ethiopia & Eritrea: History


As pre-colonial empires and kingdoms ruled the Horn of Africa, borders shifted and were constantly debated. However, colonization at the end of the 19th century was the true turning point in determining the future of modern-day Ethiopia and Eritrea, as well as the future of the entire continent. In 1890, after successfully defeating an autonomous [...]

Ethiopia & Eritrea: History2021-03-04T21:35:45+00:00

Ethiopia & Eritrea: Ushering in Peace


July 9th, 2018 marked the end of a peace summit between Ethiopia and Eritrea. A historic day for both countries, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki signed the Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship between Eritrea and Ethiopia that formally ended the conflict that has persisted between them for the past two decades. [...]

Ethiopia & Eritrea: Ushering in Peace2021-03-04T21:35:46+00:00

Lake Chad Basin: U.S. Involvement


Last week’s article discussed the violence at Lake Chad as a result of extremist groups and transnational criminal organizations. This week’s article will take a brief look at U.S. involvement in the Lake Chad Basin region, specifically with the country of Chad. The U.S. provides military assistance to Cameroon, Nigeria, Chad and Niger — the four border countries of [...]

Lake Chad Basin: U.S. Involvement2021-03-04T21:35:46+00:00

Lake Chad: A Nexus of Violence


Last week’s article discussed the humanitarian crisis at Lake Chad where food insecurity and widespread poverty continue to afflict the local population. This crisis, born out of resource scarcity and inadequate government support, has allowed for violent extremist groups and transnational criminal organizations to expand and operate. Porous borders, ungoverned spaces, lack of security, and local conflicts [...]

Lake Chad: A Nexus of Violence2021-03-04T21:35:46+00:00
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